Jean Donaldson, author of The Culture Clash and Dogs Are From Neptune, directs The San Francisco SPCA’s Academy for Dog Trainers.

  • Expect your dog to act like a dog. Don’t take it personally when he exhibits typical canine behavior. He’s not being “bad,” he’s just being a dog.
  • No more free lunch. “Dogs are happiest when they’re exercising their predator skills,” she says. “Make them work for their food, like stuffing it inside chew toys, hiding it around the house, or teaching them tricks for food rewards.”
  • Start off “tight” and slack off later, rather than letting him run wild for the first few weeks and then clamping down when the behavior isn’t so cute anymore.
  • Don’t wait for him to develop bad habits, like chewing the furniture or urinating on the carpet, before you intervene. Assume this behavior is likely to happen, and act preemptively to manage it before it develops.
  • Supply your dog with acceptable outlets for his doggy behavior, rather than punishing it.
  • Don’t lay guilt trips on your dog. “Dogs are neither moral nor immoral,” she says. “They’re amoral, meaning that they respond to what they understand to be the consequences of their behavior. So manipulate those consequences.”
  • Get involved in organized dog sports or informal activities, such as agility, Flyball racing, tug-of-war, fetch, or a fun game of hide-and-seek.
  • Provide a wide variety of social interactions every day. “What’s the worst punishment a person can get in prison?” says Donaldson. “Solitary confinement. Dogs are social animals, too.”
  • If you have a puppy, handle him endlessly. And make it as pleasant an experience as possible, so he’ll associate being handled with good feelings.
  • Enroll in a good training course.

Jean Donaldson, author of The Culture Clash and Dogs Are From Neptune, directs The San Francisco SPCA’s Academy for Dog Trainers. Thanks to the San Francisco SPCA for the use of this information.